AKTIVITAS ANTI NYAMUK MIKROKAPSUL MINYAK ASIRI Citrus aurantifolia TERHADAP Aedes aegypti

Nila Sari Pandiangan, Luthfia Pratiwi, Diana Rakhmawaty Eddy, Tatang Wahyudi, Agus Surya Mulyawan, Euis Julaeha

Abstract


Pada penelitian ini, telah dilakukan evaluasi sifat antinyamuk dari mikrokapsul yang berisi minyak asiri kulit jeruk nipis (Citrus aurantifolia) terhadap nyamuk Aedes aegypti. Preparasi minyak asiri dilakukan dengan metode hidrodistilasi; pembuatan mikrokapsul dengan metode koaservasi kompleks menggunakan penyalut alginat-gelatin, pengikat silang glutaraldehid, dan pengemulsi span-80 dan tween-80; pelepasan minyak asiri dalam mikrokapsul dilakukan dengan rangsangan magnetic stirrer 100 rpm; dan uji aktivitas antinyamuk dilakukan terhadap nyamuk A. aegypti. Hasil preparasi minyak asiri diperoleh rendemen sebesar 0,44%, dengan kualitas baik, berwarna kuning pucat dengan aroma segar khas jeruk nipis, komponen utama minyak asiri d-limonen (33,14%) dan b-pinen (28,32%). Mikrokapsul diperoleh dengan rendemen sebesar 47,3%, oil content sebesar 66,7%, dan efisiensi enkapsulasi sebesar 87,9%. Rata-rata pelepasan minyak asiri dari mikrokapsul dari hari pertama hingga hari ketujuh berkisar 44,7-65,9%.  Nilai % total perlindungan dari minyak asiri C. aurantifolia utuh lebih tinggi daripada limonen dan mikrokapsul, hal ini menunjukkan ada kerja sinergis antara komponen-komponen yang terdapat dalam minyak asiri. Rentang total perlindungan terhadap nyamuk A. aegypti antara 85,0-98,8%.


Keywords


C. aurantifolia, mikroenkapsulasi, antinyamuk, repellent, A. aegypti

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31266/at.v36i2.7337

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