MIKROENKAPSULASI MINYAK ASIRI JERUK NIPIS DENGAN KOASERVASI KOMPLEKS YANG BERAKTIVITAS ANTIBAKTERI UNTUK APLIKASI PADA BAHAN TEKSTIL

Euis Julaeha, Sandra Puspita, Tatang Wahyudi, Jakariya Nugraha, Diana Rakhmawaty Eddy

Abstract


Imobilisasi mikrokapsul minyak asiri jeruk nipis pada kain kapas telah dilakukan dengan metode pad dry cure menggunakan binder asam sitrat 3%. Minyak asiri dipreparasi menggunakan metode hidrodestilasi. Mikrokapsul berisi zat aktif alami minyak asiri jeruk nipis (C. aurantifolia) yang dibuat dengan metode koaservasi kompleks menggunakan penyalut alginat dan gelatin, pengikat silang glutaraldehid, dan pengemulsi polysorbate. Aktivitas antibakteri mikrokapsul sebelum diimobilisasi dan setelah diimobilisasi dilakukan terhadap bakteri Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Escherichia coli, dan Klebsiella pneumoniae, dengan metode Kirby Bauer. Mikrokapsul dikarakterisasi dengan Particle Size Analyzer (PSA), Spektroskopi UV-Vis, dan Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). Hasil hidrodestilasi diperoleh rendemen minyak asiri sebesar 1,10%, berwarna kuning pucat, beraroma segar khas jeruk nipis. Hasil preparasi mikrokapsul diperoleh rendemen sebesar 46,28%; distribusi ukuran partikel homogen dengan ukuran pada rentang 1,604 µm; kandungan minyak 61,89%; efisiensi enkapsulasi 87,37%; dengan morfologi berbentuk bulat dengan permukaan halus. Kain yang telah diimobilisasi memiliki ketahanan cuci yang baik. Kain kapas tersebut dapat menghambat keempat bakteri S. aureus, S. epidermidis, E. coli, dan K. pneumoniae dengan daya hambat rata-rata berturut turut sebesar 12,08±0,13; 8,90±0,10; 10,83±0,43; dan 10,40±0,10.

 


Keywords


mikroenkapsulasi, minyak asiri, jeruk nipis, koaservasi kompleks, antibakteri

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31266/at.v35i2.6607

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